Area: 301,323 sq km
Language: Italian, German
Religion: Roman Catholic
Italy became a nation-state in 1861 when the city-states of the peninsula, along with Sardinia and Sicily, were united under King Victor EMMANUEL II. An era of parliamentary government came to a close in the early 1920s when Benito MUSSOLINI established a Fascist dictatorship. His disastrous alliance with Nazi Germany led to Italy s defeat in World War II. A democratic republic replaced the monarchy in 1946 and economic revival followed. Italy was a charter member of NATO and the European Economic Community (EEC). It has been at the forefront of European economic and political unification, joining the European Monetary Union in 1999. Persistent problems include illegal immigration, organized crime, and corruption, high unemployment, sluggish economic growth, and the low incomes and technical standards of southern Italy compared with the prosperous north.
Italy has played an important role in European higher education: it is one of the four countries that first engaged to create the so-called "European Area of Higher Education" (Sorbonne Declaration, May 1998), thus starting that type of higher education reform which, known as "Bologna Process" (Bologna Declaration, June 1999) is being implemented all over Europe.
Today Italy ranks among the 8 most industrialized countries in the world. Alongside some big companies, both state-owned and private, it has developed a sound network of small and medium-sized undertakings, promoted a few scientific parks, and are incentivizing basic and applied research in a great variety of fields (biology, ICT, medicine, physics, etc.).
At present, the university sector is made up of 83 university institutions, where the majority belongs to the State university sector. Polytechnics in Italy have the same institutional model as all State universities and the name stands for the “technical university” which concentrates exclusively in the subject fields of the two Faculties of Engineering and Architecture. Apart from that, there are 131 institutions covering the artistic and musical field.
Every Foreign student intending the study in Italy must obtain a Italian student visa before entering into the Italy.
In order to assure a timely processing of visas, the student (or his/her parents on their child s behalf) should begin the visa application as early as possible but no sooner than three months prior to the program s initiation.We strongly recommend that students mustn’t wait until the holiday period to go to the Consulate. Not only can the wait be lengthy, but it also makes the turnaround time for visa issuance longer than usual.
Students should contact your nearest Italian consulate and follow the directions for obtaining a student visa.
The visa will not be issued the same day; the process can take up to 60 days.
Italian institutions will provide the necessary Letter of Acceptance, Letter of Enrollment, Insurance Letter and Course Schedule to complete your visa application materials.
Student visas will be issued only for the length of time you are enrolled in the program.
Only a visa issued for study purposes is valid for your final enrollment at an H.Ed. institution in Italy.
No other type of visa will be accepted. Therefore you have to apply to the competent Italian diplomatic authority and ask for a study visa in your name. The competent Italian Embassy/ Consulate is the authority responsible for accepting your pre-application and checking if you meet the requirements for the visa.
The study visa will be issued only against demonstration that you:
1.Have a suitable accommodation in Italy.
2.May dispose of enough financial means to support yourself.
3.are entitled to medical care in Italy.
4.Possess the amount of money necessary to travel back to your country, or have already purchased a valid return-ticket.
Stay Permits (non- Eu citizens)
Within 8 days from arrival, all non-Eu citizens who hold a study visa for Italy must apply for a stay permit for study purposes.
The stay permit is issued by the local police station (Questura – Ufficio Stranieri) of the applicant s place of residence in Italy against presentation of:
• a valid passport bearing a study visa for Italy.
• proof of enough financial means to support herself/himself. a document giving evidence of her/his right to medical care in Italy.
• When candidates to matriculation decide to move, even if temporarily, to another Italian city (e.g. to attend programs in the Italian language), within 15 days they will have to apply to the competent police station (Questura) to report their change of address.
• Those students who leave the Italian territory are allowed to enter again only if they already hold a stay permit.
After matriculation, and at least 30 days before the expiration of their stay permits, all non-Eu students coming from abroad have to apply to the Questura for such permits to be extended for the whole year. On the occasion, each student must demonstrate to have the necessary financial resources to support herself/himself, a certificate of enrollment issued by an Italian H.Ed. institution, as well as to meet all the other requirements needed for the issuing of the stay permit.
Both study visa and stay permits are renewed to the students who have passed one exam in the first year of their degree programmes, and two exams at least in the following years for the earning of such a credit number as determined by the institutions.
The stay permit may be renewed also to a student who has passed only one exam against documentary evidence of a state of very poor health or of other serious reasons. All that without prejudice of the dispositions concerning the global number of possible renewals; in fact, stay permits cannot be issued for more than 3 years beyond the legal length of the degree course concerned (Art. 46, § 4 of the Presidential Decree No. 394 of 31st August 1999).